Namangan, home of the Uzbek poet Mashrab, is one of the Ferghana Valley cities and is a bit out of the way. Not far from Namangan are the ruins of the ancient city of Aksikent. Archaeological research proves that the city had a citadel and thick outer walls. Today the city has an advanced trade and handicraft industry. Aksikent was the capital of the Ferghana Valley until the 13th century. It was later destroyed by the Mongols and again in the 17th century by a powerful earthquake. In the middle of the 18th century, Namangan became the administrative center of the region. In 1875, after the Russian invasion, it became part of Russia. At that time the foundation for a new city was laid in accordance with the regular city maps. This new part had to be separated from the old town, from the fortress, which was traditionally the most important point, from the streets of the city. At the beginning of the 20th century, Namangan was the second city in the Ferghana Valley, given the size of the population and cotton processing. At that time, religious buildings such as the Khoja Amin mausoleum and the Mullo Kyrgyz madrasah and many others were built.