With around 770,000 inhabitants, Dushanbe is the largest city in the country. It is the political, cultural and economic center of the country and the seat of numerous universities and colleges. Dushanbe means “Monday” in the Tajik language. Every Monday trader caravans arrived in the then inconspicuous village and held their bazaars there. In 1924, Dushanbe was declared a city and has since developed into a modern metropolis. Wide avenues, parks and gardens with fountains characterize the cityscape. Dushanbe is located in Central Asia at an altitude of about 800 m in the densely populated Hissar Valley south of the Hissar Mountains. Elsewhere, the mountains reach a height of up to 4643 m. The Dushanbinka river, which is made up of the two rivers Lutschob-Darja and Warsob, flows through the city. It is dammed in the Komsomolsk Lake in the city.
Since it was connected to the railway network in 1929, the city has grown and has become the industrial center of Tajikistan. The most important industries today are the textile, electrical and food industries, as well as mechanical engineering. Due to its position as the capital of the country, the city also has numerous offices, ministries as well as some publishers and television stations.
The 30-meter-high monument with the monument to the Samanid ruler Ismail I, who is known as the “father of the nation”, is located on Friendship Square in Rudaki Prospect south of the city park. In 2011, the highest flagpole in the world at that time was inaugurated in the park in front of the Palace of the Nation. It was supposed to tower above the previously highest flagpole in Azerbaijan (162 meters). In the National Archaeological Museum there are many finds from the country's rich history, including the Buddha of Ajina Tepe, a 14-meter-long reclining Buddha statue that was excavated in the south of the country in 1966 and has been on the first floor of the museum since 2001. The statue is one of the largest Buddha images in Asia, along with the 88 meter high Buddha in Wuxi (China) and a large reclining Buddha in Thailand. The Dushanbe Botanical Garden, founded in 1933, is home to more than 2000 species of plants and is a popular excursion and recreation area for the residents of the capital. The Gurminj Museum of the country's musical tradition has existed since 1990.
The cultural life in Dushanbe is diverse: opera, theater and ballet, many museums, a large national library and the zoological garden invite you to visit. The State Philharmonic and the State Circus are also located in Dushanbe.