Tajikistan is a country in the heart of Central Asia. It borders Kyrgyzstan to the north, China to the east, Afghanistan to the south, and Uzbekistan to the west and northwest. Tajikistan comprises the autonomous region of Gorno-Badakhshan ("Mountain Badakhshan") with the capital Khorugh (Khorog). Tajikistan comprises the smallest land area among the five Central Asian states, but exceeds them all in terms of height and comprises more and higher mountains than any other country in the region. Tajikistan was a constituent (trade union) republic of the Soviet Union from 1929 until its independence in 1991. The capital is Dushanbe.
Climate - continental. January from + 220 ° C (Panj) to -610 ° C (Lake Bulunkul), July from -80 ° C (Lake Bulunkul) to + 450 ° C (Panj).
The geography of the Republic of Tajikistan is mountainous with elevations between 300 and 7495 meters above sea level. Mountains, which are among the highest areas in Central Asia, make up 93% of the total area of the country. There is the Fergana Valley in the north, while in the northwest and in the central parts lie the Turkistan, Zarafshon, Hisor and Oloy mountain ranges. To the southeast is the impressive Pamir Mountains (its highest mountain, Somoni Peak, is one of the highest peaks in the world at 7,495 meters), while the southwest has the Vakhsh, Hisor and other valleys.
The Republic of Tajikistan has an abundance of lakes and rivers. There are approximately 947 rivers that are longer than 10 kilometers and have a total length of more than 28,500 kilometers. The rivers account for 60% of all Central Asia's water resources.
Tajikistan's high mountains accommodate great supplies of ice and snow. The line of perpetual snow is situated at height between 3500 and 3600 meters in the west and rises up to 5800 meters in the east. The total area of the glaciers in Tajikistan covers more than 8476 square kilometers. There are over the thousand registered glaciers with a length of more than 1.5 kilometers. Sixteen glaciers (such as Fedchenko and Grumm-Grzymailo glaciers) have length of more than 16 kilometers.
Tajikistan is also rich in lakes. There are around 1300 lakes with a total area of 705 km2. Karakul, Sarez and Yashikul are the largest areas naturally created. The lakes are mainly at an altitude of 3500 meters.
Tourism in Tajikistan
Cultural and historical heritage: part of the Great Silk Road, a site of ancient settlement "Sarazm" and National Park are included in the List of World Heritage (UNESCO)
Tourism activities: climbing, mountain sports, skiing, international hunting, ethnographic, medical
Visa Requirements: for citizens of 80 countries the tourist visa is issued on arrival at the international airport in Dushanbe and Khujand
International airlines: Turkish Airlines, Fly Dubai, China South Airlines, Kam Air, Osmon Air, Utair, Ural Airlines, Sibir Airlines
The territory of Tajikistan has always been on the important historical routes of the Silk Road, which connected the east and the west. Land in international trade and cultural exchange that connects ancient possessions of Bactria - Tokharistan (Chaganian, Shumon, Ahorun, Kubodien, Vakhsh, Hutal, Rasht, Kumed, Darvoz, Vanj, Rushan and Wakhan), Soghd, Istaravshan (Ustrushan) and Ferghana with India, Afghanistan and China. The Silk Road was not only the exchange of goods between East and West, but also ideas, cultures and people.
Modern Tajikistan is a mountainous country with altitudes between 300 and 7,495 meters above sea level. 93% of the territory are mountain ranges that relate to the Pamir, Hissar-Alay and Tien-Shan mountain systems. The named areas are divided by rich and fertile areas of the Fergana, Zerafshan, Vakhsh and Hissar valleys. The intricate relief and great amplitude of the high mountain system caused an extraordinary variety of flora and fauna.
Tajikistan is a country of high peaks, strong glaciers, fast, swift rivers that are unrepeatable in terms of beauty lakes, unique flora and rare animals. The mountainous soil landscape determines the originality and peculiarity of the nature of Tajikistan, the richness of which is brought to life by the diversity of the climatic zones. In the republic it is possible to get from the heat of the Vakhsh Valley to the arctic cold of the eternal snow of the Pamirs during the hour and a half flight. Based on the existing 13 state nature reserves and sanctuaries "Zorkul", "Romit", "Mozkul", "Dashti Jum", the historical and natural park "Shirket" and the Tajik National Park, the unique ecologies, landscapes and natural monuments are restored to their original Shape is retained.